The lead administration for the Transport work sector is the Northern Ireland Executive.

The geographical area covered by the Council is diverse and unique, consisting of hundreds of islands. This represents its own challenges to the movement of people, goods and services.  Whilst there are for the most part excellent road, rail and air links in place there are significant challenges faced by travellers with disabilities. There is also a need to consider how to make the transport infrastructure more sustainable to meet environmental aims.

Transport was agreed as a work sector at the inaugural meeting of the British-Irish Council in December 1999. The Transport work sector considers how to improve transport policy and practice. The work sector continues to share best practice and a range of reports and website information on transport issues of interest.  Officials have also continued to discuss opportunities for the co-ordination of transport across administrations.